Functioning of robots

One of the main advantages of our robots is that they are collaborative, i.e. they can quickly, efficiently and safely function in a high concentration of other vehicles, people and goods. These are some of the abilities of our robots that help them do that:

Traffic on roads and bypassing obstacles.

The robots move along normal roads and automatically, in real time, plot the optimal route and trajectories to avoid obstacles. To bypass obstacles, the robot needs at least 1.6 m wide free passage. If an obstacle completely blocks the robot passage for a long time, the robot will send a message to the server. The robot is able to bypass people, machinery and other robots, pallets with load, garbage on the floor, empty pallets and other obstacles.

Interaction with moving objects.

The robot is equipped with algorithms of intellectual interaction with other transport: maneuvering, speed reduction, stopping. When the robot is moving, it uses turning light signals to indicate maneuvers.

All roads are assigned priorities. When driving on a road with a higher priority, the robot lets the transport moving on it pass, and only then passes by itself. Each robot road can be configured individually: right-hand, left-hand, center-hand and one-way roads are available.

The robot continuously monitors the direction and speed of the vehicle around itself and, if trajectories are crossed, reduces speed. Once the vehicle has missed the trajectory, the robot keeps moving. The robot also reduces speed in front of blind spots. When encountering another vehicle in a narrow alley, the robot can press itself to the side of the road, freeing up the passage.

The robot can work together and interact with several robots in limited space.

To perform the task of multiple robots, the server takes turns assigning each robot a pallet from the task. To avoid mutual blocking, the robots will temporarily block the maneuver zone for other robots that will be waiting for their turn when picking up/unloading pallets or passing through narrow areas through the server.

The passage of automatic gates.

Robots are able to pass automatic gates on their own, without additional integration.

Work with pallet loads.

Robots know how to automatically detect the presence and location of pallets in the buffer and drive up to them without wasting time on empty cells.

Robots can transport pallets of various sizes (EUR, FIN, as well as other standard and non-standard pallets) and materials: wood, plastic, metal.

When picking up a pallet, the robot determines its position and builds a precise trajectory, which allows the robot to pick up pallets that are standing with a slight shift (± 20 cm) or at an angle (± 15°).

In the case that the robot is unable to obtain confirmation that an entire, correctly oriented pallet is in front of it while detecting the pallet position, the robot will not pick up the pallet for human safety. Examples of situations in which the robot will not pick up the pallet:

  • the pallet’s side leg is missing;
  • a strong deviation in pallet dimensions from the specified dimensions;
  • significant pallet movement or rotation.